When did Ataturk come to power?
Kemal Atatürk (or alternatively written as Kamâl Atatürk, Mustafa Kemal Pasha until 1934, commonly referred to as Mustafa Kemal Atatürk; c. 1881 – 10 November 1938) was a Turkish field marshal, revolutionary statesman, author, and the founding father of the Republic of Turkey, serving as its first president from 1923
Was Ataturk a military leader?
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk’s military career explains his life between graduation from Ottoman War College in Istanbul as a lieutenant in 1905 to his resignation from the Ottoman Army on 8 July 1919, as well as his military leadership throughout the subsequent Turkish War of Independence (armistice 11 October 1922).
When was Ataturk born?
Under his leadership, the Republic of Turkey was declared in 1923, and he was honoured with the name Atatürk (“Father of the Turks”) by the Grand National Assembly of Turkey in 1934.
What changes did Atatürk make?
The leading legal reforms instituted included a secular constitution (laïcité) with the complete separation of government and religious affairs, the replacement of Islamic courts and Islamic canon law with a secular civil code based on the Swiss Civil Code, and a penal code based on that of Italy (1924–37).
What religion was Atatürk?
Some Turkish sources claim he was a devout Muslim. However, according to other sources, Atatürk himself was an agnostic, i.e. non-doctrinaire deist, or even an atheist, who was antireligious and anti-Islamic in general.
Who was Mustafamal quizlet?
Mustafa Kemal, Ataturk, was the first president of the Republic of Turkey from 1923. He inherited a Turkey in desperate need to modernize in order to survive in the fast paced 20th century. The failing Ottoman Empire was known as “the sick man of Europe,” and Ataturk recognized Turkey’s necessity to change this image.
Who founded Turkey?
The history of modern Turkey begins with the foundation of the republic on October 29, 1923, with Atatürk as its first president. The government was formed from the Ankara-based revolutionary group, led by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk and his colleagues.
What was Turkey before?
It is first recorded in Middle English (as Turkye, Torke, later Turkie, Turky ), attested in Chaucer, ca. 1369. The Ottoman Empire was commonly referred to as Turkey or the Turkish Empire among its contemporaries.
What do they call a turkey in Turkey?
Turkey, which has no native turkeys, does not call turkey turkey. The Turks “knew the bird wasn’t theirs,” Forsyth explains, so they “made a completely different mistake and called it a hindi, because they thought the bird was probably Indian.” They weren’t alone.
What is a female turkey called?
Adult female turkeys are called hens. Juvenile females are called jennies. Adult females average half the size of male turkeys. poults will not survive.